Gender and Sexual Diversity Training. A Facilitator's Guide for Public Health and HIV Programs. 03/03/2016

Published at Health Policy Project

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What is gender & sexual diversity?

Humans are naturally diverse. We have a wide variety of hair and eye colors, skin tones, heights,
shapes, voices, temperaments, and personalities. When we talk about gender and sexual
diversity, we are talking about a few of a person’s many facets—biological sex, gender identity
and expression, and sexuality—and recognizing human diversity across these dimensions.
Gender and sexual diversity exists throughout the world. Scientific studies and historical accounts
provide evidence of such diversity in nearly every culture and society since ancient times. So,
although the term is new to many people, it is neither a new phenomenon nor something isolated
to certain societies.

Why a Gender & Sexual Diversity Training?

Gender and sexual minorities are treated unfairly in almost every society. This unfair treatment,
which includes stigma and discrimination, directly impacts health; interferes with access to health
services, including HIV-related prevention, care, and treatment; and undermines productive
work environments.
Examples of this include:
• Isolation, shaming, or bullying at home, in school, at the workplace, or in the community
• Verbal and physical violence
• Denial of work opportunities or access to housing
• Poor treatment by health workers or the inability to access health services
• Discriminatory laws and the inability to exercise human rights

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