Nelson Mandela/HSRC Study (2002)
In this study 13 518 individuals were identified and selected randomly from national census figures. Of these, 9 963 agreed to being interviewed and 8 840 underwent antibody testing through saliva tests.
The importance and purpose of the study is explained as:
- Identify prevalent risk factors that predispose South Africans to HIV infections;
- Determine HIV prevalence in the population of South Africa using linked anonymous HIV saliva tests;
- Link the risk factors with biological measures to determine the association between the two;
- Model the prevalence data and forecast probable infection levels for the next ten years (this objective will be reported separately at a later date);
- Identify the social, economic, political, structural and cultural contexts within which behaviour occurs, obstacles to risk reduction, and whether current mass media educational efforts take these factors into account;
- Determine the extent to which current prevention, education and awareness programmes and campaigns reach all sectors of South African society, including the most vulnerable sectors of the population;
- Determine whether media messages are being understood and accepted in the population, and by whom."